gadgets for old people

Essential Gadgets for Old People: Top Picks

Smart tech gadgets are revolutionizing the way older adults live by providing comfort, safety, and convenience. These gadgets are designed specifically for older individuals to enhance their daily living experience. From smart walking companions to OTC hearing aids and AI-powered companions, there are a wide range of gadgets available that can make life easier and more enjoyable for seniors.

As we age, it’s important to embrace technology that can help us maintain our independence and improve our quality of life. Senior gadgets are designed with the unique needs of older people in mind, offering solutions to common challenges faced by the elderly. Whether it’s improving mobility, managing medication, or staying connected with loved ones, these gadgets have the power to transform the lives of older adults. These Different Gadgets will benefit seniors .

Key Takeaways:

  • Essential Gadgets for old people are specifically designed to make life easier and more enjoyable for seniors.
  • Senior gadgets cater to the unique needs of older individuals, enhancing their comfort, safety, and convenience.
  • From smart walking companions to AI-powered companions, there are a wide range of gadgets available for older adults.
  • Embracing technology can help seniors maintain their independence and improve their overall quality of life.
  • Senior gadgets offer solutions to common challenges faced by older individuals, such as mobility issues, medication management, and social isolation.

Smart Walking Companions

When it comes to improving mobility and safety for seniors who enjoy walking, smart walking companions are the perfect solution. These innovative devices, like the WeWALK, are designed to enhance the walking experience and provide valuable assistance along the way.

Smart walking companions, such as walking sticks and walking canes, are equipped with advanced features that cater to the specific needs of seniors. With built-in obstacle detection technology and turn-by-turn navigation systems, these companions offer a range of benefits to enhance the walking experience.

“Smart walking companions utilize innovative technology, like ultrasonic systems, to detect obstacles and provide turn-by-turn navigation.”

One of the key advantages of smart walking companions is their ability to detect obstacles in real-time. With ultrasonic systems and other advanced sensors, these devices alert seniors to potential hazards, such as curbs, uneven surfaces, or objects obstructing the walking path. This obstacle detection feature promotes safety and helps prevent accidents while walking.

In addition to obstacle detection, smart walking companions also provide turn-by-turn navigation, guiding seniors along their chosen route. Whether it’s a familiar neighborhood or exploring a new area, these devices help seniors navigate with ease and confidence.

The benefits of smart walking companions extend beyond mobility assistance. Many of these devices offer additional features like exploration mode, which allows seniors to discover new places and routes. Some companions even provide assistance with public transportation, guiding seniors to the nearest bus stops or train stations.

By providing seniors with mobility support and advanced navigation features, smart walking companions play a vital role in promoting independence and active lifestyles among the elderly. These devices empower seniors to confidently enjoy their walks, embrace new experiences, and stay connected with the world around them.

OTC Hearing Aids

OTC hearing aids, such as HearingAssist, offer affordable and accessible solutions for age-related hearing problems. These devices provide improved hearing without the need for a prescription or expensive traditional hearing aids. With OTC hearing aids, older adults can enjoy the benefits of enhanced hearing while staying within their budget.

One of the key advantages of OTC hearing aids is their compatibility with mobile apps. By connecting to a mobile app, users can customize their hearing experience and control the device settings with ease. From streaming music and making phone calls to adjusting volume and sound settings, the user-friendly mobile app enhances the overall functionality of OTC hearing aids.

Stream Music and Make Phone Calls

With OTC hearing aids, there’s no need to compromise on the enjoyment of music or phone conversations. By connecting to a mobile app, users can seamlessly stream their favorite songs, podcasts, or audiobooks directly to their hearing aids. This feature allows older adults to fully immerse themselves in their favorite audio content with clear and amplified sound.

In addition, OTC hearing aids enable users to make phone calls effortlessly. By connecting their hearing aids to the mobile app, they can enjoy improved call quality and clarity. The ability to hear phone conversations clearly and without discomfort enhances communication and reduces frustration, ensuring that older adults stay connected with their loved ones.

Control Settings with Ease

OTC hearing aids put the control at the users’ fingertips. The intuitive mobile app allows users to easily adjust volume levels, change listening programs, and customize sound settings to match their specific preferences and environments. Whether in a noisy restaurant, a quiet park, or during a phone call, users can optimize their hearing experience with just a few taps on their smartphone.

Furthermore, the mobile app enables users to make real-time adjustments to their hearing aids based on their surroundings. They can fine-tune settings to reduce background noise, enhance speech clarity, and create a comfortable listening experience, enhancing their ability to participate in conversations and engage in social activities.

By offering affordable solutions and seamless integration with mobile apps, OTC hearing aids empower older adults to address their age-related hearing problems effectively. With OTC hearing aids, older adults can enjoy improved hearing quality, stay connected with their loved ones, and fully engage in various listening experiences.

AI-Powered Companions

Loneliness in seniors is a prevalent issue that can significantly impact their well-being. To address this, AI-powered companions, such as the ElliQ robot, offer a valuable solution by providing companionship and support. These two-in-one devices feature a tablet-like display and a responsive bot that engages with seniors to alleviate their feelings of loneliness.

The ElliQ robot goes beyond simple conversation and entertainment. It can answer questions, provide information, and even track health data to ensure seniors stay engaged and informed about their well-being. Additionally, the device offers various activities such as playing games and music, making it an interactive and engaging companion.

With its tablet-like display, the ElliQ robot allows seniors to easily interact and navigate through different features and functionalities. The user-friendly interface ensures that older adults can use the device without any difficulty or technical expertise. The robot’s responsive bot understands and adapts to the needs and preferences of seniors, providing personalized companionship that is tailored to individual interests and requirements.

“AI-powered companions, like the ElliQ robot, address the issue of loneliness in seniors by providing a two-in-one device with a tablet-like display and a responsive bot. These companions offer companionship and engagement, helping to alleviate the negative impacts of social isolation.”

This responsive bot is designed to combat social isolation, which is a significant issue among seniors. By offering companionship and interaction, AI-powered companions like the ElliQ robot enhance the quality of life for older adults. Companionship is crucial for seniors to stay mentally stimulated, emotionally fulfilled, and socially connected.

Benefits of AI-Powered Companions for Seniors
Alleviates loneliness and social isolation
Provides companionship and engagement
Answers questions and provides information
Tracks health data and offers personalized support
Offers interactive activities such as games and music

Smart Pill Dispensers

Smart pill dispensers play a crucial role in medication management for seniors. These innovative devices not only help store and dispense medication but also provide notifications and reminders, ensuring that seniors take their medication as prescribed. With real-time monitoring capabilities, caregivers can also stay informed and actively manage medication schedules, promoting safety and peace of mind for both seniors and their caregivers.

Medication management is a vital aspect of senior healthcare, as missed doses or incorrect medication can have serious consequences. Smart pill dispensers address these challenges by incorporating advanced features and technology to streamline the medication management process.

Notifications and Reminders

Smart pill dispensers offer customizable notifications and reminders to ensure seniors never miss a dose. These reminders can be set through mobile apps or directly on the device, allowing flexibility in managing medication schedules. Notifications can be in the form of visual alerts, sounds, or even text messages to ensure seniors are promptly reminded to take their medication. Useful gadgets for the elderly parents, such as easy-to-use smartphones and automatic pill dispensers, make some of the best gifts, offering both practicality and a touch of thoughtfulness.

Real-Time Monitoring

One of the significant advantages of smart pill dispensers is the ability to monitor medication usage in real time. Caregivers can remotely access information about medication intake, ensuring that seniors are adhering to their prescribed dosage. Real-time monitoring offers valuable insights into medication compliance and helps identify any potential issues or concerns promptly.

Caregiver Support

Smart pill dispensers serve as a valuable tool for caregivers who are responsible for managing their loved one’s medication. With real-time access to medication schedules and adherence data, caregivers can effectively coordinate and support medication management efforts. This feature provides peace of mind to caregivers, knowing that their loved one’s medication is being properly managed and administered.

Overall, smart pill dispensers are essential gadgets for seniors who need assistance with medication management. They offer a combination of convenience, safety, and peace of mind for both seniors and their caregivers. By leveraging technology and automation, these devices play a crucial role in promoting medication adherence and ensuring optimal health outcomes.

Benefits of Smart automatic Pill Dispensers
1. Promote medication adherence
2. Reduce the risk of missed doses
3. Customizable notifications and reminders
4. Real-time monitoring for caregivers
5. Peace of mind for seniors and caregivers

By leveraging technology and automation, smart pill dispensers empower seniors to effectively manage their medication while providing valuable support and reassurance to caregivers. These devices are a game-changer in medication management, ensuring optimal health outcomes and improving the overall quality of life for seniors.

Well-Being Monitors

For family members or caregivers who want to ensure the safety and well-being of their elderly loved ones, well-being monitors like the CareAlert are essential devices. These monitors use advanced sensors to detect activity and provide real-time alerts and reminders. With features such as remote monitoring, activity tracking, voice calls, and alerts and reminders, well-being monitors offer peace of mind for both seniors and their caregivers.

well-being monitors

Remote Monitoring

Well-being monitors enable remote monitoring, allowing caregivers to keep an eye on their loved ones even when they are not physically present. Through the use of wireless technology, these monitors provide real-time updates on the activities and movements of seniors, ensuring their safety and well-being.

Activity Tracking

With activity tracking capabilities, well-being monitors help seniors stay active and maintain a healthy lifestyle. These monitors can measure steps, distance, and calories burned, providing valuable insights into seniors’ daily activity levels. By monitoring activity, caregivers can encourage seniors to stay physically active and make necessary adjustments to their routines.

Voice Calls

In addition to activity tracking, well-being monitors often feature voice call functionality. This enables seniors to easily communicate with their caregivers or loved ones whenever they need assistance or companionship. The ability to make voice calls from the monitor itself provides a sense of security and convenience for seniors, especially during emergencies.

“Well-being monitors have been a game-changer for our family. With the CareAlert, we can remotely monitor my mom’s safety and well-being, and she can easily reach out to us through voice calls. It has brought us peace of mind and helped my mom maintain her independence.”

– Jane, caregiver

A smart call screening gadget

For seniors is an invaluable tool, designed to filter and manage incoming calls with ease. This technology employs advanced algorithms to identify and block unwanted spam or scam calls, ensuring that seniors only receive important and legitimate communications. These gadgets are exceptionally good at screening calls .With features like voice recognition and automated responses, these gadgets can also help seniors interact with callers without needing to physically answer the phone, a boon for those with mobility or hearing issues. Additionally, the gadget can be programmed to prioritize calls from known contacts, such as family members and doctors, providing peace of mind and enhancing safety. This blend of convenience, security, and accessibility makes smart call screening gadgets an essential addition to the lives of many seniors, helping them stay connected while protecting them from potential phone-related scams or nuisances.

Alerts and Reminders

Well-being monitors feature customizable alerts and reminders, ensuring that seniors stay on top of their daily routines and medication schedules. These monitors send notifications for important tasks such as taking medication, attending appointments, or engaging in activities. By providing gentle reminders, well-being monitors help seniors maintain their independence and live a more organized life.

Overall, well-being monitors play a vital role in the care and support of elderly individuals. With their remote monitoring capabilities, activity tracking features, voice call functionality, and alerts and reminders, these monitors provide enhanced safety, well-being, and peace of mind for seniors and their caregivers.


When it comes to convenient gadgets for elderly adults, smartwatches are a game-changer. These wearable devices provide instant access to essential features without the need for a smartphone. With their compact design and user-friendly interface, smartwatches are perfect for older adults who want to stay connected and active.

One of the key features of smartwatches is their fitness tracking capabilities. These devices can monitor various metrics such as steps taken, distance traveled, calories burned, and even heart rate. This fitness tracking feature allows seniors to keep a close eye on their physical activity and make healthier lifestyle choices.

Another important feature of smartwatches is their medication reminder functionality. Many older adults require regular medication intake, and smartwatches can help ensure they never miss a dose. With customizable reminders and notifications, these devices can prompt seniors to take their medication on time, improving medication adherence and overall health.

For added safety and peace of mind, smartwatches also offer GPS tracking and an SOS help button. In case of emergencies or when seniors need assistance, they can easily trigger the SOS help button on their smartwatch. This feature can automatically send distress signals to designated contacts, providing quick and reliable help when needed.

The convenience and functionality of smartwatches make them an ideal gadget for older adults. From fitness tracking to medication reminders and emergency assistance, these devices offer a wide range of features that cater to the needs of seniors. With their lightweight design and intuitive interface, smartwatches provide instant access to essential tools, enabling older adults to lead more active and connected lives.

Tablet Devices

When it comes to tablet devices for elderly people, the GrandPad tablet stands out as a top choice. Designed with simplicity in mind, this tablet is incredibly easy to use, making it accessible for older adults who may not be tech-savvy. With its user-friendly interface and intuitive navigation, seniors can effortlessly navigate the device without feeling overwhelmed.

One of the key features of the GrandPad tablet is its built-in 4G connectivity, which ensures that seniors can stay connected to their loved ones and the online world. Whether it’s making video calls to family members, sending emails, or browsing the web, the GrandPad tablet provides a reliable and seamless internet experience.

In addition to its connectivity, the GrandPad tablet comes pre-loaded with essential fitted apps that cater to the needs of elderly individuals. From a calendar app to help seniors stay organized, to an email app for easy communication, the tablet is equipped with all the necessary tools to keep older adults engaged and connected.

For entertainment purposes, the GrandPad tablet offers a music streaming app, allowing seniors to enjoy their favorite tunes with just a few taps. There are also games available to keep the mind sharp and provide hours of enjoyment.

In summary, tablet devices like the GrandPad tablet provide an easy-to-use solution for seniors to stay connected, informed, and entertained. With its 4G connectivity, fitted apps, and user-friendly interface, the GrandPad tablet is an ideal choice for older adults who want to embrace the benefits of technology.

Massage Guns

Massage guns are excellent gadgets for seniors who want to relax their muscles and relieve pain and inflammation. These devices use percussion therapy to stimulate blood flow and provide deep tissue massage. Massage guns vary in size and power, offering different levels of intensity and attachments to target specific areas of the body. Seniors can enjoy the benefits of massage therapy in the comfort of their own home.

If you’re looking for a convenient and effective way to unwind and manage muscle tension, a massage gun is a fantastic option. These handheld devices are designed to mimic the deep pressure and strokes of a professional massage, helping to alleviate tight muscles and promote muscle relaxation. By using a massage gun regularly, seniors can experience relief from muscle soreness, improve blood flow, and reduce inflammation.

Massage guns are equipped with various speed settings and attachments, allowing you to customize your massage experience. With a range of intensity levels, you can choose the right level of pressure that feels comfortable for your body. Additionally, the different attachments offer versatility, enabling you to target specific areas of your body that require attention.

Using a massage gun is simple and user-friendly. By gently gliding the device over your muscles, you can experience the benefits of deep tissue massage without the need for an expensive spa appointment. Whether you’re dealing with muscle pain after a workout or experiencing chronic pain due to conditions like arthritis, a massage gun can provide effective pain relief and aid in muscle recovery.

Benefits of Massage Guns:

  • Relaxes muscles and reduces muscle tension
  • Alleviates pain and inflammation to help elderly people
  • It is lightweight and easier to hold
  • Stimulates blood flow and improves circulation
  • Aids in muscle recovery and reduces soreness
  • Enhances flexibility and range of motion
  • Can be used for self-massage at home

Investing in a massage gun allows seniors to prioritize their muscle health and well-being. By incorporating this gadget into their routine, they can experience the benefits of massage therapy anytime, anywhere. With its versatility, ease of use, and effectiveness in muscle relaxation and pain management, a massage gun is an invaluable tool for senior individuals looking to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle.Massage guns offer a revolutionary solution for aches and pains, providing targeted, deep tissue relief that can soothe muscle soreness and improve recovery times.

Smart Home Devices

Smart home devices have become essential for older adults who prioritize safety, convenience, and comfort in their living environment. These gadgets utilize cutting-edge technology to automate various aspects of home management, enhancing the overall living experience for seniors. Among the popular smart home devices, smart bulbs and doorbell cameras stand out as indispensable tools for creating a secure and convenient home.

Smart bulbs offer seamless home automation by utilizing smart technology to allow elderlyby allowing users to control lighting settings through voice commands or smartphone apps. With a simple voice command or a tap on their phone, seniors can easily adjust the brightness, color, and intensity of the lights in their home. Whether they prefer a well-lit environment for reading or a cozy ambiance for relaxation, smart bulbs enable seniors to create the perfect lighting atmosphere with ease. This level of control not only adds convenience but also promotes energy efficiency by ensuring lights are only used when needed.

Doorbell cameras provide an added layer of security by allowing users to see and communicate with visitors at their front door before answering. For older adults who may be more vulnerable to unsolicited visitors or scams, doorbell cameras offer peace of mind and the opportunity to exercise caution. With their vigilant surveillance capabilities and real-time video streaming to smartphones or other devices, doorbell cameras safeguard seniors, empowering them to assess potential risks and make informed decisions from the safety of their home.

Benefits of Smart Bulbs Benefits of Doorbell Cameras
Convenient control through voice commands or smartphone apps or Remote control. Enhanced security, allowing users to see and communicate with visitors
Customizable lighting settings for comfort and ambiance Real-time video streaming for proactive risk assessment
Promotes energy efficiency by enabling efficient use of lighting Protects against unsolicited visitors and potential scams

By incorporating smart home devices like smart bulbs and doorbell cameras into their living space, older adults can experience a heightened sense of security, convenience, and control over their environment. These gadgets empower seniors to embrace the benefits of automation, voice control, and enhanced safety measures, thereby creating a living space that caters to their unique needs and preferences.

smart bulbs and doorbell camera

The Amazon Echo

The Amazon Echo a standout among helpful gadgets, is revolutionizing the way older adults interact with technology. This voice-activated device, much like Google Home, offers a range of functions that can significantly enhance the health and quality of life for seniors. With simple voice commands, older adults may easily check the weather, set reminders, or listen to their favorite music, making their daily routines more manageable and enjoyable. For tech-savvy seniors, the Echo serves as a reliable tool; they can rely on it to stay connected with loved ones and friends through effortless communication features. Additionally, its integration with smart home devices ensures that seniors can control their living environment with minimal effort. In essence, the Amazon Echo, along with similar technology gadgets, is not just about convenience; it’s about empowering older adults to lead more connected and independent lives.

Robotic vacuums

Robotic vacuums are becoming increasingly popular as a beneficial tool for seniors, especially those with limited mobility. These innovative devices offer a practical solution for maintaining a clean home without the physical strain associated with traditional vacuum cleaners. Seniors can rely on these autonomous gadgets to navigate around their living spaces efficiently, ensuring thorough cleaning with minimal effort. The advantage of robotic vacuums is particularly significant for older adults who may need assistance with daily chores due to health issues or decreased mobility. Furthermore, these devices are also lightweight and easier to handle compared to bulkier, conventional vacuums. This ease of use, combined with the ability to schedule regular cleaning, makes robotic vacuums a valuable aid in enhancing the living environment and overall quality of life for seniors.

Smart speakers

Smart speakers are well worth the investment, particularly when it comes to helping the elderly. These advanced gadgets and devices are designed to make the lives of older adults more convenient and enjoyable. With simple voice commands, smart speakers can provide news updates, play music, or even tell a joke, serving both for fun or to assist in daily activities. They are especially beneficial for those who may need to take medication regularly, as they can set reminders to ensure timely intake. Furthermore, smart speakers can control other smart home devices, making it easier for seniors to manage their living environment without the need to physically interact with multiple gadgets. In essence, the integration of smart speakers into the homes of elderly individuals not only fosters greater independence but also enhances their engagement with technology in a user-friendly manner. Indeed, smart speakers are well worth considering for anyone looking to enrich the daily experience of older adults.


In conclusion, there is a wide range of gadgets designed specifically for older adults that can greatly enhance their quality of life. These senior gadgets provide comfort, convenience, and safety, allowing older individuals to maintain their independence and age in place with ease. Whether it’s the smart walking companions that improve mobility, OTC hearing aids that offer affordable hearing solutions, or AI-powered companions that provide companionship and support, these gadgets cater to the unique needs of older adults.

Managing medication becomes much simpler with the help of smart pill dispensers, which offer notifications and reminders for seniors. Well-being monitors enable remote monitoring and activity tracking, ensuring the safety and well-being of elderly loved ones. Smartwatches with instant access features, fitness tracking, and SOS help buttons provide peace of mind for both seniors and their families. Tablet devices like the GrandPad make it easy for older adults to stay connected and entertained, while massage guns offer muscle relaxation and pain relief in the comfort of their own home.

By embracing these gadgets for old people, older adults can maintain their independence, improve their overall comfort and convenience, and enhance their quality of life. These senior gadgets empower them to lead fulfilling lives while enjoying the benefits of modern technology. With the right gadgets, older adults can navigate their daily routines with greater ease, stay connected to loved ones, and ensure their safety and well-being. Independent living becomes a reality, allowing older individuals to age gracefully and on their own terms.

Kitchen gadgets

Kitchen gadgets designed especially for seniors can significantly enhance safety and convenience in the kitchen, a vital aspect of maintaining independence and quality of life. These tech devices  often focus on ease of use and ergonomics, catering to the needs of those who may have challenges with dexterity or strength. For instance, electric can openers and jar openers make it effortless to access food items, reducing strain on joints.  Motion sensor faucets eliminate the need for turning handles, making it easier for those with limited dexterity or arthritis.Non-slip mats and automatic stove turn-off devices increase safety, minimizing the risk of accidents. Lightweight utensils with easy-grip handles, along with rocker knives that require less force to cut, are particularly beneficial for seniors with limited hand strength. Furthermore, talking kitchen scales and large-display digital timers are excellent aids for those with vision impairments. These innovative kitchen gadgets not only aid in the daily preparation of meals but also help to foster a sense of confidence and autonomy among older adults, making the kitchen a more accessible and enjoyable space. All these Kitchen gadgets may be great gifts to elderly relatives.


What are smart walking companions?

Smart walking companions are devices designed to improve mobility and safety for seniors. They utilize innovative technology like ultrasonic systems to detect obstacles and provide turn-by-turn navigation. Some smart walking companions also offer features like exploration and assistance with public transportation.

What are OTC hearing aids?

OTC hearing aids are over-the-counter devices that provide affordable and accessible solutions for age-related hearing problems. These devices can connect to a mobile app, allowing users to stream music, make phone calls, and control the device’s settings without the need for a prescription or expensive traditional hearing aids.

What are AI-powered companions?

AI-powered companions, like the ElliQ robot, are devices that provide companionship and support for seniors. They can answer questions, provide information, track health data, and even play games and music. AI-powered companions are designed to alleviate senior loneliness and social isolation, offering a sense of companionship and entertainment.

What are smart pill dispensers?

Smart pill dispensers are devices that help seniors with medication management. They store and dispense medication, and also provide notifications and reminders for taking medication. Some smart pill dispensers allow caregivers to monitor and manage medication schedules in real-time, providing peace of mind for both seniors and their caregivers.

What are well-being monitors?

Well-being monitors, like the CareAlert, are devices that allow family members or caregivers to remotely monitor the safety and well-being of elderly loved ones. They use sensors to detect activity and provide alerts and reminders. Well-being monitors also have features like voice calls and real-time tracking, ensuring that seniors are safe and well taken care of even when they are alone.

What are smartwatches?

Smartwatches are wearable devices that provide instant access to essential features without the need for a smartphone. They offer fitness tracking, medication reminders, GPS tracking, and even an SOS help button in case of emergencies. Smartwatches are lightweight and easier to use than smartphones, making them ideal for older adults who want to stay connected and active.

What are tablet devices?

Tablet devices, like the GrandPad, are designed to keep elderly people connected with their families and the world. These tablets are easy to use and come with built-in features like 4G connectivity, camera, and fitted apps for calendar, email, music streaming, video calls, games, and weather. The GrandPad tablet makes it simple for seniors to stay connected and entertained.

What are massage guns?

Massage guns are gadgets that relax muscles and relieve pain and inflammation. These devices use percussion therapy to stimulate blood flow and provide deep tissue massage. Massage guns come in different sizes and power options, offering various levels of intensity and attachments to target specific areas of the body.

What are smart home devices?

Smart home devices, like smart bulbs and doorbell cameras, are gadgets that create a safe and convenient living environment for older adults. Smart bulbs can be controlled through voice commands or smartphone apps, allowing seniors to easily adjust lighting and create a comfortable atmosphere. Doorbell cameras provide added security by allowing users to see who is at the door before answering.

How do gadgets benefit older adults?

Gadgets specifically designed for older adults offer comfort, safety, and convenience. They improve mobility, provide affordable hearing solutions, offer companionship and support, assist with medication management, enable remote monitoring, offer instant access to essential features, keep seniors connected, aid in relaxation and pain relief, enhance home security, and ultimately enhance the overall living experience for seniors.

Source Links

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *